Cold Mountain Institute

By Peter Wrinch. Posted on July 30, 2019 in Stories + Recipes

I’m on the trail to Cold Mountain.
Cold Mountain trail never ends.
Long clefts thick with rock and stones,
Wide streams buried in dense grass.
Slippery moss, but there’s been no rain,
Pine trees sigh, but there’s no wind.
Who can leap the world’s net,
Sit here in the white clouds with me?

寒山 Hánshān  (Hánshān translated to English is Cold Mountain) Chan (Zen) poet 9th Century China.

We are the aspirations of our ancestors. It is amazing to think of all the human moments it took over the course of history to have us living right now – migrations, love, war, innovation. Our ancestors are always with us, standing with us, whether we like it or not. Our blood is their blood, our thoughts are their thoughts, our suffering is their suffering. But what does it mean for an organization to have ancestors? How are organizations fundamentally shaped (culturally, financially, socially) by the people who came before us? What is our responsibility to them?

Richard Weaver carved the Cold Mountain Institute out of the forest by the sheer force of his will. He was not alone, but he held the vision and he held it tightly. Weaver was a powerful man. In conversation with some of the remaining people who were involved with Cold Mountain (Judyth Weaver, Martha Abelson, David Rousseau, Eric Stine) which operated between 1970 – 1976, a poignant picture of a charismatic founder unfolds.

A number of the details of Weaver’s life remain unclear (although we continue to investigate) but we know that Weaver (an American) dropped out of high school and fought in the Pacific in World War 2. Upon returning to North America, Weaver became a logger and miner and developed an interest in the pop-Buddhism made popular by Alan Watts and Gary Snyder. By the mid 1960s, he was at the University of Alberta teaching and working on a Ph.D focused on T.S. Elliot and Buddhist Philosophy.

With a proper disdain of a career in academia, Weaver ended up at Esalen Institute where he met Fritz Perls, the founder of Gestalt Therapy, and this had a huge impact on him. John Gray, a writer who had met Richard Weaver at Cold Mountain, wrote in Vancouver Magazine in 1983 (years after Weaver had died and Cold Mountain had collapsed) “He was not keen on the change from chauk-dusted gowns to input and infrastructure, but he didn’t know what he could do about it until he visited Esalen Institute in Big Sur, California at the height of the Fritz Perls era. Esalen was the flagship of the Human Potential Movement of the 1970s. For Weaver, this was it. Teaching people to define their own lives, to be their own teachers, to learn directly from the world, to examine their own lives.”

For Weaver, this was it. Teaching people to define their own lives, to be their own teachers, to learn directly from the world, to examine their own lives.”

By the time Richard left Esalen and was on Cortes Island, he was a man on a mission. He wanted to create something real, something big, and something that would change the world. For six years he was the driving force and the creative energy behind Cold Mountain. Cold Mountain programming was a mix of Gestalt therapy, encounter groups, with a sprinkling of Buddhism. John Gray describes an opening session at Cold Mountain, “In the Cedar Teepee we listened to Weaver’s opening remarks. They were maddeningly simple, along the lines of ‘Look, all this is about is honesty and responsibility. Honesty means admitting to what is. Responsibility means not blaming it on anybody else.” Cold Mountain welcomed hundreds of people seeking this form of honesty and connection throughout the early 1970s and Weaver was at the centre.

Richard Weaver died suddenly at the age of 45 in 1975. Apparently he had a heart attack while eating dinner in Vancouver. Jean Weaver, his wife and chief organizer, administrator and backbone of Cold Mountain, attempted to continue to run the Institute. Without the charisma of Richard, it soon fell apart. Gone to the winds of history. But not really gone.

So many aspects of Hollyhock owe their existence to Weaver’s vision. Kiakum, Raven, Carousel, the orchard cabins – all of these buildings were imagined, named, and constructed under his watchful eye. Kiakum was built in 1970-71, started by a man named John LeBaron from Denman Island and was finished by David Rousseau. Carousel was also designed and built by Rousseau. Raven and the Orchard cabins were built by Eric Stine in 1972-73. So many of the cultural pieces were also part of Weaver’s vision: taking our shoes off in the lodge (which is strange when you think about it – how many restaurants do you remove your shoes in?); vegetarian food (although Weaver himself ate meat); Buddhas sprinkled throughout the property (which is actually outside of the no-dogma, no guru ethos of both Cold Mountain and Hollyhock).

Our ancestors are never really far behind. We owe them gratitude for birthing us, persevering, and overcoming. Organizational ancestors are no different. Richard Weaver is gone; Cold Mountain is gone; but they continue to live through Hollyhock. Not the same, but not totally different. The trail from the past never ends.


I want to thank Judyth Weaver (who was married to Richard Weaver’s younger brother Ben Weaver), Martha Abelson, David Rousseau, Eric Stine for their generosity in helping us piece together the history of Cold Mountain. Thank you so much for your time, wisdom, excitement, and your memories. I also want to thank Odette Auger, Hollyhock’s Campus Support Coordinator, who shares my excitement for history and has been doing lots of unearthing. 

Showing 9 comments
  • Elizabeth Chase- back then . I was Betty Varty.

    Cold mountain, so many memories. I remember taking a few programs at the barge in Vancouver . Then on to Cortes where I participated in two sessions of Come Alive followed by phase.1 with Ben and Jock . To this this day I call the month I spent in Phase 1 the most valuable and important month in my life , and I’m now 83.. The building were rather basic back then and I recall I was always the person up first in my group as the hot water quickly gave out. I still have one photo of mysel on “fantasy day” in phase.1. I couldn’t/wouldn’t address a fantasy and Ben and Jock suggested to me to be a Liverpool tart. As a VERY uptight heavy woman from a very strick catholic family in. Liverpool I let myself go and I found this opportunity rather liberating. I propositioned the men asking for money in advance and when the day was over I had quite a hoard of money! Memories indeed a pocket full of them. Sincerely, Elizabeth.

  • Shirley Pratten

    Bennet Wong and Jock McKeen ( Ben and Jock) were also a very significant part of Cold Mountain and it’s history in the 70’s. Many people still recount memories of their experiences with Ben and Jock in their encounter groups at Cold Mountain and how their work still impacts them in their lives today.

    • Camia Weaver

      Ben and Jock were self-centred self-imagined demigods who also caused a lot of harms outside of the Cold Mountain context, in my knowledgeable opinion. There were however many other dedicated group leaders who had a more positive and real impact and were a significant positive force in the true spirit of Cold Mountain: Ellen Tallman, Bob Berger are names that come immediately to mind.

  • Brita Ostrom

    I felt a shock of recognition at Hollyhock circa1990’s when I was met at the door with the Japanese print of the sweeping monk, the very same print that hung in Fritz Perls’ meeting room back at the Esalen Institute. As I stayed on I realized the huge impact Weaver’s interests and forms had made on these beautiful islands, and the commitment to inner exploration and connection. I had worked with his brother, Ben Weaver, when he directed Esalen. Thanks for acknowledging ancestors! I look forward to my return to your special haven, Brita Ostrom, Massage School Director, Esalen Institute

  • Reply

    I would add Lilly Jaffe and Joyce Frazee to your list Camia. I had the good fortune to be one of the first MA graduates (1976) from Cold Mountain, which meant I had the opportunity to learn from many of the leading teachers of the 70’s…including Gregory Bateson and Lama Govinda. Richard was my first meditation instructor and his wisdom continues to influence my daily life. Much gratitude to everyone who continues the teaching stream. Margaret

  • Kristin Cooper

    Cold Mountain and my 3 months with Ben and Jock on Cortez Island stand as totally amazing experiences. They provided us with opportunities to see and learn about ourselves and our relationships with the world in unusual and challenging ways that have positively impacted me for the past 45 years! I wish I’d been able to work with them longer. My best regards to Jock and other fellow program participants. I miss Ben.

    • Jude


  • Bruce Rowat

    I came to Cold Mountain to meet Richard in 1974 as a participant in a week long workshop he led. His impact on my life was so deep and of such significance, there’s no way of sharing every talk we had and how much he meant to me in such a short space like this. I’m also so happy to see that he’s so fondly remembered. I agree with Richards daughter Camia in her assessments of Ben and Jock and recognition of Ellen, Bob and their amazing work.

  • Betty Francis

    Cold Mountain Institute ran until 1980, not 1976.

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